Composición y estructura de la comunidad de aves en un corredor ribereño urbano del área metropolitana de Monterrey, Nuevo León, México

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.28947/hrmo.2021.22.2.499

Palabras clave:

Ecología urbana, inventario avifaunístico, corredor ribereño, noreste de México, riqueza de especies

Resumen

Los corredores ribereños proporcionan hábitat para muchas especies de aves en zonas urbanas, aunque han sido poco estudiadas en el noreste mexicano. En este estudio evaluamos la estructura y composición de la comunidad de aves del Río La Silla en Monterrey, Nuevo León. Entre febrero de 2018 y enero de 2020, llevamos a cabo censos mensuales, empleando 11-12 puntos de conteo de radio variable en cada uno de tres sitios: El Realito, Tolteca-Riberas y Cortijo. Registramos un total de 152 especies de aves: 85 residentes, 60 migratorias y 7 ocasionales. La mayoría de las especies tuvieron bajas abundancias, con solo 7 especies comunes o abundantes. Las familias con mayor riqueza fueron Tyrannidae (18 especies), Parulidae (17 spp) y Accipitridae (10 spp), mientras los gremios alimenticios más representados fueron insectívoros, carnívoros y piscívoros. Registramos 16 especies en riesgo, incluyendo 4 especies de psitácidos en riesgo a nivel nacional e internacional. Además, reportamos la actividad reproductiva de la garza tricolor, Egretta tricolor, y la garza azul, E. caerulea, en el área urbana. El sitio de Cortijo, en un área mayormente urbano y con actividad antropogénica, presentó significativamente menor abundancia de aves y menor similitud en avifauna comparado con los otros dos sitios del Río La Silla. Asimismo, la mayor riqueza de aves se registró en El Realito (129 spp), seguido de Tolteca-Riberas (102 spp) y Cortijo (82 spp). Nuestros resultados muestran la importancia de este corredor ribereño para las aves residentes y migratorias en esta metrópoli del noreste de México.

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Biografía del autor/a

Marilyn Castillo-Muñoz, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León

Candidata a Doctora en Ciencias, Laboratorio de Ornitología, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, UANL

Citas

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Publicado

2022-03-10

Cómo citar

Castillo-Muñoz, M., & Guzmán-Hernández, J. L. (2022). Composición y estructura de la comunidad de aves en un corredor ribereño urbano del área metropolitana de Monterrey, Nuevo León, México. Huitzil Revista Mexicana De Ornitologí­a, 22(2), e-628. https://doi.org/10.28947/hrmo.2021.22.2.499

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